Customs Clearance – Complete Guide

All goods sold or purchased from other countries must obtain the necessary permits upon entry / exit to be cleared. Goods that succeed in obtaining these licenses will no longer be considered smuggling, and in fact these licenses are a criterion for the legality of the goods.

The permits required for customs clearance will depend on the type of goods, which may include licenses from the Standards Office, the Atomic Energy Organization (for products such as tuna, scrap metals, etc.), the Ministry of Health (for food and medicine), and so on. . In addition, it is necessary to determine the value of the goods, type and HS code.

The person in charge of customs clearance is usually called a “work clearance”. These people have real estate contracts and you can find them at forex companies. In addition to the business card, this person must have the necessary permits (including power of attorney or letter of introduction, etc.) and be familiar with the steps of doing the job.

Customs clearance steps for export

The stages of customs clearance of goods in export and import will be different. Of course, there is no doubt that this process is time consuming and that licenses must be obtained for both cases, and the process of obtaining these licenses will certainly create similarities.

Finally, products that are cleared through customs for export will be divided into three categories: authorized export, conditional export and export ban.

The stages of customs clearance for export based on which customs unit should be referred to and what should be done will be as follows. Of course, it should be noted that depending on the type of product, the steps may be slightly different; But that’s the whole point, which will be mentioned here.

Warehouse of goods at customs

The first step is to store the goods that have reached the border at customs. For this purpose, the following must be done in the following order:

  • Obtaining permission to enter the goods at customs and storing it
  • Weighing the means of transporting the goods and receiving the scale sheet
  • Obtaining approval for the entry of the means of transport of goods to customs
ترخیص کالا از گمرک

Preparation of goods customs declaration

Because this step can be done via the Internet and registered on the website, it is called a “declaration of customs clearance of goods remotely” and is done in the transit unit.

To do this, you need a purchase invoice, order registration license, billing list, clearance, warehouse receipt, performa, packing list, invoice, certificate of origin, bill of lading, confirmations received in the previous step (goods and shipping license), insurance policy, Exploitation license and necessary permits (license of the Ministry of Health, Jihad, quarantine, tax, quarantine, standard organization, etc.) along with the declaration including complete information of the goods and a number of other items that depend on the type of goods or type of work to be checked in the customs system EPL to irica. gov. ir Register.

Note 1: In fact, only three documents have been requested along with the declaration; But experienced people know that it is better to upload the original of some other documents with them, otherwise they will be requested in the next steps and it may become a little longer and more complicated along the way. (In the following, the documents required for the clearance of goods are explained separately for export or imported goods.)

Note 2: The accuracy of the information entered, in addition to causing the goods to be on the green customs route and cleared faster, will also prevent possible penalties for entering incorrect information in the declaration.

At the end of this step, a serial number and a turning number will be provided to you for further follow-up, and then the load will be sealed.

Authentication and product authentication

Now you have to go to the customs technical circle of authentication to verify the accuracy of the registered information about the products – which was done in the previous step – and finally enter the “registration number” or “cottage” on the products.

To expedite the assignment of registration numbers to goods at customs, the system considers a route based on the credit of the owner of the goods (tax accounting), no discrepancies in entering the declaration information and the validity of the business card (old card issuance date). The goods will be referred directly to the fund and others will need further evaluation. These routes are known as customs routes and are divided into three categories: green, yellow and red.

  • Green route: Goods placed on the green route can usually be cleared within the next business day or two. It is enough to get the necessary permits. Of course, some of them will not even need a license.
  • Yellow Path: Documents and licenses of goods in this category must be reviewed and approved by experts.
  • Red route: In addition to providing the required permits and documents, these goods must also be physically examined in terms of quantity, value, type and totality. In this case, the product packaging should probably be opened.

All these steps are performed to match the goods with the documents uploaded in the customs system. The service expert monitors the accuracy of these issues and examines the bird process until it is finally approved by the head of the online service.

All goods and products will be referred to the Fund after completing the relevant routes.

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